Sound Hearer – Shravaka Śrāvaka श्रावक – Pali Savaka Sāvaka – Tibetan nyan-thos – 聲聞 Shēngwén – Vietnamese Thanh-văn

Sound Hearer – Shravaka Śrāvaka श्रावक – Pali Savaka Sāvaka – Tibetan nyan-thos – 聲聞 Pinyin Shēngwén – Vietnamese Thanh-văn

VenerableŚrāvaka (Sanskrit) or Sāvaka (Pali) means “hearer” or, more generally, “disciple” In Buddhism, the term is sometimes reserved for distinguished disciples of the Buddha” Shakyamuni. Fair Use Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_Hearer

“A Hinayana practitioner that strives toward liberation as an arhat based on listening to the teachings of the Buddha. Literally, “listeners” to Buddha’s teachings – practitioners of the Hinayana vehicle who, motivated by renunciation, strive to attain liberation from uncontrollably recurring rebirth (samsara) and to become an arhat (liberated being) of either the shravaka or pratyekabuddha class. They practice, based on having listened to Buddha’s teachings. Some translators render the term as “hearer.” Fair Use Source: https://studybuddhism.com/en/glossary/shravaka

Arhat

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Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Venerable Arhat Shariputra – Śāriputra – Pali Sāriputta – 舎利弗 Shèlìfú – Xá Lợi Phất

Venerable Arhat Shariputra – Sariputra – Śāriputra – Pali Sāriputta Sariputta – 舎利弗 Pinyin Shèlìfú – Vietnamese Xá Lợi Phất

VenerableSāriputta (Pali) or Śāriputra (Sanskrit) was one of two chief male disciples of Gautama Buddha along with Moggallāna (Maudgalyayana), counterparts to the bhikkhunis Khema and Uppalavanna, his two chief female disciples. He became an Arhat renowned for his teaching and is depicted in the Theravada tradition as one of the most important disciples of the Buddha. Sariputta is regarded as the disciple of the Buddha who was foremost in wisdom. ” Fair Use Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sariputta

Arhat

Year of Birth:

Year of Passing into Parinirvana:

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Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Venerable Moggaliputtatissa

VenerableMoggaliputtatissa (ca. 327–247 BC), was a Buddhist monk and scholar who was born in PataliputraMagadha (now PatnaIndia) and lived in the 3rd century BC. He is associated with the Third Buddhist council, the emperor Ashoka and the Buddhist missionary activities which took place during his reign.[1]Fair Use Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moggaliputta-Tissa

Arhat

Year of Birth: 327 BC

Year of Passing into Parinirvana: 247 BC

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Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Two Vehicles – 二乘

Contrast with Three Vehicles (Triyana) of the 1) the Bodhisattva Vehicle, 2) the Solitary Enlightened OnesPratyekabuddha Vehicle, and 3) the Shravaka (Sound Hearer – Śrāvaka) Vehicle. Compare with Buddha Vehicle.

The Two Vehicles are 1) the Pratyekabuddha vehicle (Pratyekabuddhayana), and 2) the Shravaka vehicle (Shravakayana). The expression Two Vehicles is a common way of referring to those who follow the Hinayana teachings.

SEE ALSO: Three Vehicles, Mahayana and Hinayana Compared

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Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Three Vehicles – Triyana – 3 Routes to Enlightenment – Bodhisattva-Vajrayana, Pratyekabudda, Shravaka – 三乘

The Three Vehicles are 1) the Bodhisattva Vehicle, 2) the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle, and 3) the Shravaka (Sound Hearer – Śrāvaka) Vehicle. Compare with Buddha Vehicle. See also Two Vehicles.

Tibetan Vajrayana would list the Triyana (in order of ranking of the teachings) as:

  • Vajrayana – Vajrayāna वज्रयान – Mantrayāna-Tantrayana – Tantric Buddhism Secret Mantra Diamond Vehicle – Mìjiao – Mìzōng Esoteric Tradition – Việt Kim cương thừa
  • Mahayana
  • Hinayana

“In the DHARMA FLOWER SUTRA the Buddha reveals that his three teachings – the Śrāvaka Vehicle that leads to Arhatship, the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle that leads to Pratyekabuddhahood, and the Bodhisattva Vehicle that traverses the stages of the Bodhisattva Path – are all provisional, expedient teachings. They lead to fruitions that have no reality in themselves. There is only one reality, and that is Buddhahood.
“It’s like taking some milk and dividing it into three different glasses. Three people could each drink one glass, or one person could drink all three glasses, and it would be the same. It’s just that if his or her capacity was not that great it might burst his or her stomach. And so the Buddha starts by dividing things up into smaller amounts for you, and when you’ve polished that much off, he pours you out some more. That’s just what’s going on.” (FAS-PII(1) 249)

SEE ALSO: Mahayana and Hinayana Compared, Dharma Flower Sutra, Bodhisattva, Pratyekabuddha, Arhat, śrāvaka

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Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Modern Day Theravada Buddhist Masters

See also Historic Theravada Buddhist Masters.

  • Ajahn Sumedho
  • Ajahn Amaro
  • Ajahn Passano
  • S.N. Goenka

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Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Historic Theravada Buddhist Masters

See also Modern Day Theravada Buddhist Masters.

  • Ajahn Chah
  • Ajajn Mun

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Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Sri Lanka

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Asia, Asian History, Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Cambodia

Buddhist pilgrimage in CambodiaAngkor ThomSilver PagodaAngkor Wat

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Asia, Asian History, Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Thailand

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Asia, Asian History, Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters