Three Vehicles – Triyana – 3 Routes to Enlightenment – Bodhisattva-Vajrayana, Pratyekabudda, Shravaka – 三乘

The Three Vehicles are 1) the Bodhisattva Vehicle, 2) the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle, and 3) the Shravaka (Sound Hearer – Śrāvaka) Vehicle. Compare with Buddha Vehicle. See also Two Vehicles.

Tibetan Vajrayana would list the Triyana (in order of ranking of the teachings) as:

  • Vajrayana – Vajrayāna वज्रयान – Mantrayāna-Tantrayana – Tantric Buddhism Secret Mantra Diamond Vehicle – Mìjiao – Mìzōng Esoteric Tradition – Việt Kim cương thừa
  • Mahayana
  • Hinayana

“In the DHARMA FLOWER SUTRA the Buddha reveals that his three teachings – the Śrāvaka Vehicle that leads to Arhatship, the Pratyekabuddha Vehicle that leads to Pratyekabuddhahood, and the Bodhisattva Vehicle that traverses the stages of the Bodhisattva Path – are all provisional, expedient teachings. They lead to fruitions that have no reality in themselves. There is only one reality, and that is Buddhahood.
“It’s like taking some milk and dividing it into three different glasses. Three people could each drink one glass, or one person could drink all three glasses, and it would be the same. It’s just that if his or her capacity was not that great it might burst his or her stomach. And so the Buddha starts by dividing things up into smaller amounts for you, and when you’ve polished that much off, he pours you out some more. That’s just what’s going on.” (FAS-PII(1) 249)

SEE ALSO: Mahayana and Hinayana Compared, Dharma Flower Sutra, Bodhisattva, Pratyekabuddha, Arhat, śrāvaka

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See Also:

Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Enlightenment – Bodhi – Awakening – 悟

Enlightenment – Bodhi – Awakening – 悟

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See Also:

Enlightenment. See also BuddhahoodAnuttara-Samyak-Saṃbodhi – Enlightenment of a BuddhaNirvana.

Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Guru – Shifu – Master

Compare with Root Guru – Tibetan rtsa-ba’i bla-ma – Primary Buddhist Master

“A spiritual teacher, someone, literally, “heavy” with good qualities and able to lead disciples to attain spiritual goals.” Fair Use Source: https://studybuddhism.com/en/glossary/guru

Related Terms:

  • Fatherly guru
  • Guru devotion
  • Guru’s kindness
  • Guru-devotion
  • Guru-yoga
  • Root guru

Fair Use Sources:

See Also:

Buddhist Offerings to the Triple Jewel – Buddha-Dharma-Sangha-Guru, Guru Devotion in Buddhism

Aśhvaghoṣha (a.k.a. Mātṛceṭa – Matriceta, Āchārya Vīra – Acharya Vira) – Ashwaghosha or Ahsvaghosha’s 50 Verses in Dedication to the Guru (Sanskrit: Gurupancashika, Tibetan: Lama Nga-chu-pa)

Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasBuddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters

Bodhisattva

A Buddha to be. Part of the Sangha.

The more well known Bodhisattvas are highlighted in boldface.

  • Abhetri 阿摩提, 阿麽提
  • Abhettī 阿摩提
  • Ajita 逸多
  • Ākāśagarbha 虛空藏, 虛空藏菩薩
  • Ākāśapratiṣṭhita 虛空住
  • Akṣayamati 無盡意
  • Amogha-darśana 不空眼菩薩, 不空見菩薩, 正流菩薩
  • Amoghāṅkuśa 不空鉤觀音, 央倶捨, 淸淨蓮華明王央倶捨
  • Amoghapāśa 不空羂索王, 不空羂索菩薩, 不空羂索觀音, 阿牟伽皤賖
  • Anantavikrama 超無量
  • Anantavikrāmin 超無量
  • Anikṣiptadhura 不置遠
  • Anikṣiptadhūra 不置遠
  • Ārya-tārā 阿唎多羅, 阿唎耶多羅
  • Āryāvalokiteśvara 聖觀音
  • Asanga Bodhisattva
  • Avalokiteśvara 婆盧枳底濕伐羅, 廅樓亘, 廅樓亙, 耶婆盧吉帝, 逋盧羯底攝伐羅, 闚音, 阿縛盧枳低濕伐邏, 阿那婆婁吉低輸
  • Bhadrapāla 跋陀婆羅, 跋陂
  • Bhaiṣajya-rāja 藥王
  • Bhaiṣajya-rāja Bodhisattva 藥王菩薩
  • Bhaiṣajyarājasamudgata 超藥
  • Bhaiṣajya-samudgata 藥上
  • Bhaiṣjyasamudgata 超藥
  • Bhrukuṭi 毘倶胝
  • Candraprabha 戰達羅鉢刺婆, 戰達羅鉢剌婆, 戰達羅鉢喇婆, 月光菩薩
  • Cintā-maṇi-cakra-Avalokiteśvara-bodhisattva 如意輪觀音, 震多摩尼斫迦羅
  • Citradhvaja 莊嚴幢
  • Dhṛtiparipūrṇa 堅滿菩薩
  • Dṛṣadhṛṣaya 堅固意
  • Gadgada-svara 妙吼
  • Gagana-gañja 虛空藏菩薩
  • Gandhahastin 乾陀呵晝, 乾陀訶提, 赤色, 香象, 香象菩薩
  • Gandharāja 香王
  • Guanyin 觀音
  • Hayagrīva 何耶揭梨婆, 阿耶揭哩婆, 阿耶揭唎婆, 馬頭大士, 馬頭明王, 馬頭觀音
  • Indradatta 帝天
  • Jayamati 勝意
  • Kṣāntiṛṣi 羼提仙人
  • Kṣiti-garbha bodhisattva 地藏菩薩
  • Mahāmati 摩訶摩底
  • Mahāpratibhāna 大辯
  • Mahāsthāmaprāpta 勢至, 勢至菩薩, 大勢至, 摩訶那鉢
  • Mahāsthāma-prāpta-bodhisattva 大勢至菩薩
  • Mahāvikrama 大力, 大度
  • Mahāvikrāmin 大力, 大度
  • Maitreya 彌勒
  • Maitrībala-rāja 慈力王
  • Māṇava 儒童
  • Mānavaka 妙意菩薩
  • Mañjughoṣa 溥柔軟音
  • Mañjuśrī 敬首, 文殊, 曼殊室利, 曼殊尸利, 曼首
  • Mthu chen thob 大勢至菩薩
  • Nāladatta 雄施
  • Nam mkha’i snying po 虛空藏菩薩
  • Naradatta 雄施
  • Nīlakaṇṭha 靑頸觀音
  • Nityodyukta 常精進
  • Padmapāṇi 蓮華手菩薩
  • Padmaśrī 華德, 華德菩薩, 蓮華首
  • Pāṇḍara-vāsinī 伴陀羅縛子尼
  • Pāṇḍaravāsinī 白處觀音
  • Pradānaśūra 妙勇
  • Prajñā-bodhisattva 般若菩薩
  • Prajñākūṭa 般若拘
  • Pūrṇacandra 月滿
  • Ratnacandra 寶月
  • Ratnākara 寶事
  • Rdo rje dbab pa 金剛鈴菩薩
  • Rdo rje lcags sgrog 金剛鏁菩薩
  • Sadāparibhūta 常不輕, 常被輕慢
  • Sadā-prarudita 常啼菩薩
  • Sadāprarudīta 常啼, 波倫, 波崙, 薩陀波崙
  • Śākya-bodhisattva 釋迦菩薩
  • Śāmaka 商莫迦, 睒摩
  • Samantabhadra 三慢陀颰陀
  • Samantabhadra-bodhisattva 三曼多跋陀羅菩薩, 三曼陀颰陀菩薩, 普賢菩薩
  • Sarvasattvapriyadarśana 衆生憙見
  • Satatasamitâbhiyukta 常應時
  • Śrīgarbha 得藏, 德藏, 首藏
  • Sudāna 須達拏
  • Sudarśana 妙見菩薩, 藪達梨舍菟
  • Sudhana 善財童子
  • Sūmasarpa 蘇摩蛇
  • Sūrya-prabhāsana 蘇利也波羅皮遮那
  • Tara 觀世音母
  • Trailokya-vikrama 越世
  • Trailokya-vikrāmin 越世
  • Ucchuṣma 不淨忿怒, 不淨金剛, 烏樞沙摩明王, 觸金剛
  • Udāramati 妙意
  • Uttaramati 妙意
  • Vairocana-raśmi-pratimaṇḍita-dhvaja-rāja 光照嚴飾
  • Vajrapāṇi 和夷羅洹閱叉, 跋闍羅波膩
  • Vajrasaṅdhi 金剛拳菩薩
  • Vajra-sphoṭa 金剛鏁菩薩
  • vajrâveśa 金剛鈴菩薩
  • Varaprabha 超光
  • Vasubandhu – see also Asanga Bodhisattva.
  • Vimalakīrti 毘摩羅詰
  • Vīryabalavegaprāpta 得勤精進力
  • Vīrya-pāramitā Bodhisattva 力波羅蜜菩薩
  • Viśiṣṭacāritra 上行意
  • Viśiṣṭa-cāritra 尊意行
  • Viśiṣṭacāritra 諸異行
  • Viśiṣṭa-cāritra Bodhisattva 上行菩薩
  • Viśvabhadra-bodhisattva 邲輸颰陀菩薩
  • Vyūha-rāja 淨王
  • Vyūharāja 莊嚴王
  • Yaśakāma 欲使稱譽
  • Yaśaskāma 得名聞定

See Also:

Bodhisattva Vows, Buddhism Glossary, Three Refuges: 1. Buddhas, 2. Dharma: SutrasShastrasVinayaTantras, Buddhist Bibliography, 3. Sangha: BodhisattvasHistoric Buddhist MastersModern Buddhist Masters